3 Parts Of The Marijuana Plant Everyone Needs To Know

Deciding to consume marijuana is a great thing. Once you’ve thought over if it’s right for you, talked to a budtender about which strains you’d like to try, and figured out if you want to imbibe via smoking, edibles, vaping, or tincture you should be good to go.

But, to truly appreciate this plant, and all the things it can do for you, you must also understand what’s inside of it. Keep scrolling to learn more about the compounds inside the plant and what makes it so magical.


Cannabinoids are a unique chemical structure that are only found in cannabis plants.

As NCSM explained, there are many cannabinoid compounds, however, the most well-known cannabinoid is tetrahydrocannabinol, otherwise known as THC. This is the compound responsible for giving users that dreamy high.

What’s also key to know is that the vast majority of cannabinoids will not get you high, including Cannabidiol, otherwise known as CBD, which is a major component of the medical marijuana movement. CBD, unlike THC, will not get you high but has a plethora of well-known health benefits that you can read more about here.


Terpenes are the chemicals that give cannabis its own distinct smell. According to MadeByHemp, there are currently more than 200 known terpenes in the cannabis plant, and each and every cannabis strain has its own unique terpene profile.

Beyond making your cannabis smell great, terpenes also have a wide range of known benefits including containing anti-inflammatory and antibiotic properties. And, like cannabinoids, terpenes too give rise to different effects when they are consumed.

Resin Glands

Perhaps the most interesting part of the cannabis plant is the resin glands, otherwise known as trichomes, which run across the surface of the plant. These glands are mostly found concentrated on female flowers, AKA the only part of the cannabis plant you consume.

As MyHydroLife explained, these resin glands look like small mushrooms when looked at under a microscope. They are also what produces the cannabinoids, including CBD and THC, as well as the terpenes of the plant.

What makes this part of the plant so special is the fact that it comes with a protective waxy layer that helps preserve both the cannabinoids and terpenes from degrading over time. And, because of its shiny, waxy look, the resin glands were given another name: crystals. Which, sounds just downright delightful doesn’t it?

These tiny little glands also provide growers of an idea of when it’s prime time to harvest. Once they are fully developed, growers pick the plant, process it and send it along to you.

Now that you know the parts of the plant you can fully appreciate all the effort Mother Nature put in to making this for you.